Two drops in the desert

By Esther Shisoka “Not all my children are completely vaccinated. Our constant movement from one place to another did not allow me to vaccinate my older children.” Nahissa is a 33 years old mother of 8 children. She currently lives in Amir nomadic camp in Mandelia in the Chari-Baguirmi region of Chad.

Nomadic populations of Chad are vulnerable to diseases because of their constant mobility which limits their access to healthcare services. Reaching them with routine immunization has proven difficult. This challenge has called for the need of innovative strategies to reach this marginalized group of the Chadian population.

“Four years ago our government started offering us vaccination services for our children, every time they came to vaccinate our animals. This is how I was able to completely vaccinate my two younger children.” Nahissa said, proudly.

Coupling of vaccination and veterinary campaigns has proven very successful to immunize hard-to reach communities. The implementation of several joint campaigns ensured a complete course of vaccination of children in one year only.

“ I lost one of my children because he fell ill and died. I don’t want to lose any others. The health agents who came to vaccinate our children explained to us that vaccines protect our children from certain diseases like measles, whooping cough and polio. This is why I have accepted to have my children vaccinated every time there is a polio campaign. Some members of the community are still skeptical about vaccines but I try to explain to them why it is important.”

Nahissa’s story hints to the solution for reaching marginalized nomadic children. Offering vaccination services linked to other health interventions like the distribution of vitamin A, selling of insecticide-treated mosquito nets, and deworming and malaria treatments of children might be the best way of achieving equitable, sustainable, and high-coverage immunization for every child in Chad.

On March 25, the Ministry of Public Health, in close collaboration with UNICEF and WHO launched a new polio immunization campaign targeting 4.2 million children aged 0-5 years. In Chad, between 2010 and 2016, 51 polio immunization campaigns were organized to reach every child. In the vast territory of Chad, more than 5,000 social mobilizers and more than 25,000 vaccinators were involved in each national campaign More than 154 million doses of vaccines were used throughout the period.

The current vaccination campaign is part of a synchronized program in 13 African countries aiming to end polio on the continent. More than 190,000 vaccinators will vaccinate more than 116 million children to eradicate the disease in Africa.

Chad’s polio eradication efforts are made under the umbrella of the Global Polio Eradication Initiative (GPEI) enabling organizations on the ground such as UNICEF and WHO to effectively support the Government’s efforts. The European Union, the Governments of Japan, Canada and the United States, as well as global partners such as the US Fudnd, the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, GAVI Alliance, the Rotary International and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) play a key role in financing polio eradication interventions.

Conflit au Lac Tchad : flux alarmant d’enfants impliqués dans les attaques de Boko Haram cette année – UNICEF

Pour regarder le contenu multimédia : http://bit.ly/2omPHaU

Pour lire le photo essay : https://medium.com/p/29bec0ce2af0

DAKAR/NEW YORK/GENÈVE, le 12 avril 2017 – Le nombre d’enfants utilisés dans des attentats-‘suicides’ dans le conflit au Lac Tchad a atteint 27 durant le 1er trimestre de 2017 comparativement à 9 pour la même période l’an dernier.

« Pendant les trois premiers mois de cette année, le nombre d’enfants utilisés dans des attaques-suicides est à peu près le même que celui de l’année passée toute entière. C’est la pire exploitation possible d’enfants dans des conflits. » déclare Marie-Pierre Poirier, Directrice Régionale de l’UNICEF pour l’Afrique de l’Ouest et l’Afrique Centrale.

Selon le rapport, Honte silencieuse : Donnons la parole aux enfants pris en otage dans la crise du lac Tchad (Silent Shame : Bringing out the voices of children caught in the Lake Chad crisis – titre original du rapport en anglais), cette augmentation reflète la tactique alarmante des insurgés. À ce jour, depuis 2014, 117 enfants ont été utilisés dans des attentats-suicides dans des endroits publics au Nigeria, au Tchad, au Niger et au Cameroun : 4 en 2014, 56 en 2015, 30 en 2016 et 27 dans les 3 premiers mois de 2017. En grande majorité, ce sont des filles qui ont été utilisées lors de ces attaques.

En conséquence, des filles et des garçons et même des jeunes enfants, sont observés avec une peur grandissante dans les marchés et aux postes de contrôle où l’on craint qu’ils transportent des explosifs.

« Ces enfants sont des victimes et non des criminels » déclare Poirier. « Les forcer ou les conduire à commettre de tels actes est inacceptable. »

Publié 3 ans après l’enlèvement de plus de 200 écolières de Chibok, le rapport fait état de faits troublants restitués par des enfants retenus en captivité par Boko Haram et montre à quel point ces enfants sont traités avec suspicion lorsqu’ils retournent dans leurs communautés.

Lors d’interviews, plusieurs enfants qui avaient été associés à Boko Haram rapportent qu’ils préfèrent garder leur expérience secrète de peur d’être stigmatisés et même par peur de représailles violentes de la part de leur communauté. Certains sont obligés de porter les horreurs qu’ils ont vécues en silence et s’éloignent eux-mêmes de peur d’être rejetés et stigmatisés.

Le rapport souligne également les défis que les autorités locales rencontrent avec les enfants qui ont été arrêtés à des postes de contrôle et qui ont par la suite été emmenés dans des institutions de détention pour interrogations et investigations. En effet, le rapport soulève les problèmes liés aux longues périodes de détention des enfants. En 2016, environ 1 500 enfants étaient en détention dans les 4 pays et 592 enfants attendent toujours d’être libérés.

L’UNICEF appelle les parties prenant part au conflit à s’engager dans les actions suivantes pour la protection des enfants dans la région :

  • Cesser les violations graves perpétrées contre les enfants par Boko Haram, notamment le recrutement et l’utilisation d’enfants dans les conflits armés pour des attentats-suicides.
  • Faire passer les enfants d’un environnement militaire à un environnement civil le plus rapidement possible. Les enfants ayant été maintenus en détention uniquement sur la base d’allégations ou pour une réelle association à des groupes armés doivent immédiatement être remis aux autorités civiles pour réintégration et soutien. Des protocoles de transfert doivent être mis en place dans chacun des 4 pays pour les enfants trouvés lors des opérations militaires.
  • Assurer le soin et la protection des enfants séparés et non-accompagnés. Tous les enfants affectés par la crise ont besoin de soutien psychologique et d’endroits sûrs pour se remettre le mieux possible.

En 2016, l’UNICEF a soutenu psychologiquement 312 000 enfants au Nigeria, au Tchad, au Cameroun et au Niger, et a réuni plus de 800 enfants avec leurs familles.

L’UNICEF travaille avec les communautés et les familles pour lutter contre la stigmatisation des survivants de violence sexuelle et pour construire un environnement protecteur pour les anciens otages.

Dans une crise qui a déplacé plus de 1.3 million d’enfants, l’UNICEF appuie également les autorités locales en approvisionnement en eau potable et services de santé de base ; rétablit l’accès à l’éducation en créant des espaces temporaires d’apprentissage ; et administre un traitement thérapeutique aux enfants mal nourris.

La réponse à cette crise continue de manquer sévèrement de financements. L’an dernier, l’UNICEF a fait un appel de $154 million pour le Bassin du Lac Tchad mais ne fut financé qu’à 40%.

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Notes aux rédactions :

Le rapport, les photos et les vidéos sont disponible ici : http://uni.cf/2oVq4RF

À propos de l’UNICEF :

L’UNICEF fait la promotion des droits et du bien-être de chaque enfant, dans toutes ses actions. Nous travaillons dans 190 pays et territoires du monde entier avec nos partenaires pour faire de cet engagement une réalité, avec un effort particulier pour atteindre les enfants les plus vulnérables et marginalisés, dans l’intérêt de tous les enfants, où qu’ils soient.

Pour en savoir plus sur le travail d’UNICEF pour les enfants, visitez www.unicef.org

Suivez UNICEF sur Twitter ou Facebook

Pour plus d’informations ou pour des demandes d’entretien, veuillez contacter :

Patrick Rose, UNICEF West and Central Africa, +221 786 380 250 | prose@unicef.org

Joe English, UNICEF New York, + 1 917-893-0692 | jenglish@unicef.org

Maria Fernandez, UNICEF Tchad, tél,: +235 66 36 00 42,  mfernandez@unicef.org

A shot to live: Meningitis immunization in Chad

N’DJAMENA, February 27, 2017. Ahmad’s father smiles sadly while he tries to make his little boy stand still so that the nurse can give him a dose of trivalent meningitis vaccine.

“My son is afraid of the needle, but he will realize in a minute that it is nothing,” he says. ”I lost my younger sister two weeks ago. By no means do I want my son to suffer as she did.”

In 2011, a new meningitis outbreak was declared in Chad. In response the introduction of the new vaccine MenAfriVac, managed to dramatically reduce the impact of this terrible disease, saving many children lives.

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With the support of GAVI Alliance, the organization of four immunization phases covering the entire country resulted in the vaccination of 8,686,026 individuals. Since December 2012, there have been no cases of meningitis type A reported nationwide.

Toma Mamout, a community outreach volunteer, speaks to mothers about the importance of the meningitis vaccine. In nearby villages, she talks on vaccinations, basic hygiene and the use of mosquito nets to prevent malaria. “We advise mothers to bring their children to every vaccination drive and to stick to the calendar,” she says.

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Sensitization campaigns were organized at the community level to raise awareness about immunization activities and its importance to the population. As the vaccination campaign continued, social mobilization activities were conducted to inform the population about immunization and the risks of meningitis transmission. Local radio stations, social centres and religious and community leaders have been also engaged in outreach activities.

Radio is also essential to these efforts, reaching far more people than any other media in Chad. “Broadcasts and advertisements get people ready for the vaccination campaigns. Families quickly understand the need to vaccinate their children,” mentions Editor in Chief of the community radio station in Mongo Djimet Khamis Zaouri.

 

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Meningococcal meningitis is an inflammation of the protective membranes covering the central nervous system. While some forms are mild, it is a potentially serious condition owing to the proximity of the inflammation to the brain and spinal cord. Meningitis can lead to brain damage, deafness or death if untreated.

Vaccination is an effective, low-cost public health intervention that significantly reduces infant mortality. Nevertheless, in Chad, the percentage of children fully immunized during their first year of life is estimated at 25%.

UNICEF’s future efforts will focus on surveillance, evaluation and promotion of immunization efforts, continue support for the ongoing preparation of the introduction of Meningitis vaccine in routine immunization in 2017, of thus providing critical continued support to the fight against meningitis

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Rewriting the future for every child in danger

The support of the Swedish Development Agency is essential to provide humanitarian assistance to children living in conflict zones in Chad.

N’Djamena, February 25, 2017. “We are nomads. We were living outside Malam Fatori in Niger when our camp was attacked. 18 people got killed. The gunshots woke me up, it was early in the morning and people start running away. I took a camel and ran away watching behind. My father told me to start screaming if I saw any danger.”  Tahar Mohamed, 8, is a Chadian returnee from Niger. He recalls the night he fled Boko Haram attack on his nomadic camp.

The first night I slept on a tree, I was too scared. After some days, I was too tired and hungry to walk, especially with these slippers. We could not take any food or items. My mother could only take a cooking pot with her. After three days walking, we arrived in a village and she sold it in exchange of some cooked rice. That’s the only time we had something to eat”.

Tahar Mohamed, 8 is now living in Darnaim Returnee site where he can access safe drinking water and education for the first time in his life. “I want to be a football player. I’m still young and I play very well. I want to play for Chad’s National team. The problem is that there is no football training centre in Chad,” he explains.

Swedish Development Aid Agency has supported UNICF Chad with a 652 000 000 grant (6,000,000 Swedish Krona) that was mainly used for programme support enabling our teams to assist these children and families in need. The funds provided by SIDA where alloca

For Hafsa Haroun, 16, life has not been easy either. She used to live in Baga, Nigeria, before the village was torched by Boko Haram. “I had a normal life. I would go to school the morning and help out at home in the afternoon. The day of the attack, my mother got killed. I did not see it but my brother told me she got shot. My uncle was also injured. He almost lost his left leg. He suffered a lot, but he is strong,” he states, while describing what happened after the attack. “People around him cried a lot, but we were just silent. In my family everyone left separately, we were just trying to save our lives and we could not stay altogether. It took us more than a month to get back together at the camp in Chad”.

Today, Hafsa goes back to school in Daresalam refugee camp in Chad and she has great ambitions for her future. “I want to become a nurse. I’m not afraid of needles or blood. I just need some training, I don’t think it’s that complicated to find work, there will always be sick people to heal,” she says with hope.

In 2016, UNICEF worked tirelessly to provide an integrated and comprehensive response to recurrent and multiple humanitarian crises. UNICEF and its partners delivered humanitarian assistance through local authorities, communities and organizations to provide aid in hard-to-reach areas while also building local capacity to respond to emergencies.

The Swedish Development Aid Agency has supported UNICEF Chad with a US$ 652 000 000 grant (6,000,000 Swedish Krona) for Programme Support under the Humanitarian Action for Children (HAC 2016). This funding enabled our teams to assist these children and families in need in regards to Chad humanitarian response.

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For Every Child in need, relief

40 000 children have received treatment for malnutrition in the Sahel belt of Chad thanks to UNICEF UK support

« I did not know what to do when Amir got sick. A neighbour gave me a traditional medicine made of ash and roots, but I called my husband and he told me to go to the health centre directly. I was right to trust the doctors, he’s much better now.” Salma Safia, Amir’s mother, is 17 and lives in the remote village of Andour, in the Sahel Belt of Chad.

“His father left a few months ago. They say there is gold up north so he went there and is working in mines. Since then, life has become difficult for us. When Amir got sick we went to the health centre nearby and they took us straightaway to the hospital with an ambulance. He could not sit, eat or sleep when we arrived here. It’s been only two days, but he’s feeling much better already,  » she says, smiling.

Thanks to the support of the United Kingdom UNICEF National Committee, UNICEF has provided life-saving assistance to affected children and strengthened the capacity of health facilities to deliver quality nutrition services. The provision of Ready to Use Therapeutic Food has also contributed to reduce malnutrition-related mortality and morbidity in children under five years of age.

Refugees in the East have also been reached

For Every Child in Hunger . 40 000 children treated for malnutrition in the Sahel belt of Chad thanks to UNICEF UK support

Zouha Issa, 7, and her sister Amina, 17 months, were born from Sudanese refugees parents living in the Mile Refugee camp in Eastern Chad where 382,500 refugees are still living in harsh conditions. Recently, Zouhas’s sister, Amina, was treated for Severe Acute Malnutrition with Medical complications. She’s now feeling better and Zouha can play with her sister again.

“When Amina got sick, the doctor of the health centre called an ambulance to take us to the hospital. It was the first time I was in a car. Unfortunately, the car got stuck in the water – it was the rainy season. It took us one day to get to the hospital,” Zouha explains.

“After a few days, she started feeling better. They gave her many medicines and milk. She took some weight and she stopped crying all the time. Now we’re back home, we have breakfast together and I can play with her again,” she concludes.

Thanks to the UK National Committee contribution of US$ 135,533.63 and additional resources mobilized, UNICEF Chad has been able to provide the much needed support to the Ministry of Health to scale up the management of severe acute malnutrition. Additionally, this support made it possible to purchase and distribution of over 1,900 cartons of Ready-to-use-therapeutic food which have helped to provide timely and quality treatment to children suffering from SAM.

Over 43,557 children have been treated in the target regions of Ouaddaï, Wadi Fira and Hadjer Lamis in 2016. Furthermore, 31 health professionals were trained on management of SAM while more than 50,000 mothers and caregivers benefited from the community mobilization and sensitization campaigns.

 

In Chad, water means hope

N’Djamena, February 27, 2017. Water is the source of life for all humans and the source of hope for millions of children in Chad. Yet, in this Sahel country, only half of the population has access to safe drinking water.

Fatimé Abderamane, a mother of 3 children, lives in the village Koubou Assikhel, in the district of Yao, Central Chad. This district has one of the lowest rates of access to water and sanitation services. However, despite the challenges, change is possible. In 2016, UNICEF supported various programmes to provide safe drinking water, sanitation facilities and promote hygiene for the survival, growth and development of children.

“Before the construction of water points, we used to walk for three hours to get water from the pastoral well. And we had to wait for hours, the time the farmers end up watering their herd. The quality of this water was not really good and my children got frequently sick and faced frequent diarrhea,” Fatime said. “With those new water points which are close to our home, many of our problems have been solved. Girls can go to school on time and women have more time to care for their children,” she adds.

Marthe lives in Ramadja, a nearby village. The new water point in the village has changed the life of this 16-year-old girl. “Sometimes I tend to compare  the water of the traditional well with the recently installed pump. The difference is striking,” she explains smiling. “Since we started to drink the new water, none of us has been sick at home. It’s a great change in our daily lives,“ she adds.

Chad has one of the lowest rates of access to safe drinking water and sanitation services in the world. While access to safe water and sanitation is improving in urban areas, far too many children in rural areas are at risk of contracting water and sanitation-related diseases.

In 2016, UNICEF and its partners targeted regions in need of greater support and developed various projects to reduce the prevalence of diarrheal diseases by improving access to safe drinking water and improved sanitation, together with awareness raising on hygiene.

Water points have already been constructed across the country and the Community-led Total sanitation (CLTS), which was piloted in hundreds of villages. CLTS shifts the focus from construction of toilets and trying to change the behaviour of individuals to investing in community mobilization to trigger collective action and communal commitment to becoming open defecation free.

Thanks to the generous contributions of its donors, UNICEF and partners have focused on delivering continued programming interventions while building capacity at the local level to reach the most vulnerable population in need of WASH (Water, Sanitation and Hygiene) services. For every child #WaterSanitationHygiene.

 

Le nombre d’enfants réfugiés et migrants voyageant seuls multiplié par cinq depuis 2010

À l’approche du G7, l’UNICEF exhorte les dirigeants mondiaux à adopter un plan d’action en six points pour garantir la sécurité des enfants réfugiés et migrants

 « Il m’a dit que si je ne couchais pas avec lui, il ne m’emmènerait pas en Europe. Il m’a violée. » – Mary, 17 ans, originaire du Nigéria

NEW YORK, N’DJAMENA, le 18 mai 2017 – Le nombre d’enfants réfugiés et migrants se déplaçant seuls a atteint un niveau historique dans le monde. D’après un nouveau rapport de l’UNICEF publié aujourd’hui, ce nombre a presque quintuplé depuis 2010. Au moins 300 000 enfants non accompagnés et séparés ont été enregistrés dans environ 80 pays en 2015 et 2016, contre 66 000 en 2010 et 2011.

Le rapport Un enfant est un enfant : Protéger les enfants en déplacement contre la violence, la maltraitance et l’exploitation présente un aperçu de la situation des enfants réfugiés et migrants dans le monde, de ce qui motive leur départ et des risques auxquels ils sont exposés en route. D’après ce rapport, un nombre croissant d’enfants emprunte des chemins extrêmement dangereux pour rejoindre leur destination et se retrouvent souvent à la merci des passeurs et des trafiquants. Il est donc clair qu’un système de protection est nécessaire à l’échelle mondiale pour les protéger de l’exploitation, des sévices et de la mort.

« Un enfant qui se déplace seul, c’est déjà un enfant de trop. Un nombre alarmant d’enfants est pourtant dans ce cas aujourd’hui et nous, en tant qu’adultes, ne parvenons pas à les protéger », affirme le Directeur général adjoint de l’UNICEF, Justin Forsyth. « Des passeurs et trafiquants sans pitié exploitent leur vulnérabilité à des fins personnelles et les aident à passer les frontières pour finalement les vendre comme esclaves ou les obliger à se prostituer. Il est inadmissible que nous ne protégions pas convenablement les enfants contre ces prédateurs ».

Le rapport présente l’histoire de Mary, une mineure non accompagnée de 17 ans originaire du Nigéria, qui a personnellement vécu l’expérience traumatisante de la traite lors de son terrifiant voyage vers l’Italie via la Libye. Elle décrit le passeur devenu trafiquant qui lui a proposé son aide : « Il m’a dit que je serais bien traitée et en sécurité, mais tout n’était que mensonge ». Mary est restée bloquée en Libye pendant plus de trois mois où elle a été victime de maltraitance. « Il m’a dit que si je ne couchais pas avec lui, il ne m’emmènerait pas en Europe. Il m’a violée. »

Il y a trois ans, le monde s’est indigné par l’enlèvement des filles de Chibok au Nigéria. Depuis lors, le conflit dans le bassin du Lac Tchad s’est détérioré. Les filles Chibok – et 1,3 million d’enfants – ont subi des horreurs inimaginables. Les familles ont traversé des années de violence, de perte et de difficultés dans les camps ou les communautés d’accueil, et ils ont vu leurs enfants manquer l’école et souffrir de maladies.

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La crise du lac Tchad est marquée par des violations massives des droits de l’enfant. La communauté internationale doit continuer à se mobiliser pour aider les 2,3 millions de personnes déplacées par le conflit.

À l’approche du sommet du G7 en Italie, l’UNICEF appelle les gouvernements à adopter son plan d’action en six points pour assurer la protection et le bien-être des enfants réfugiés et migrants.

Le plan d’action de l’UNICEF :

  1. Protéger les enfants réfugiés et migrants, en particulier les enfants non accompagnés, de l’exploitation et de la violence
  2. Mettre fin à la détention des enfants migrants ou demandant le statut de réfugié en proposant d’autres solutions pratiques
  3. Préserver l’intégrité des familles – le meilleur moyen de protéger les enfants et de leur donner un statut juridique
  4. Permettre à tous les enfants réfugiés et migrants de continuer à apprendre et leur donner accès aux services de santé et à d’autres services de qualité
  5. Insister pour que des mesures soient prises afin de combattre les causes sous-jacentes des mouvements massifs de réfugiés et de migrants
  6. Promouvoir des mesures de lutte contre la xénophobie, la discrimination et la marginalisation dans les pays de transit et de destination

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Note aux rédactions : rapport complet, photos, vidéos et b-roll disponibles ici http://uni.cf/2qa2cKc

À propos de l’UNICEF

L’UNICEF promeut les droits et le bien-être de chaque enfant, dans tout ce que nous faisons. Nous travaillons dans 190 pays et territoires du monde entier avec nos partenaires pour faire de cet engagement une réalité, avec un effort particulier pour atteindre les enfants les plus vulnérables et marginalisés, dans l’intérêt de tous les enfants, où qu’ils soient. Pour plus d’informations sur l’UNICEF et son action : www.unicef.org/fr

 

Pour plus d’informations sur l’UNICEF et son travail en faveur des enfants, consultez www.unicef.org.

Suivez l’UNICEF sur Twitter et Facebook

Pour plus d’informations, veuillez contacter :

Christopher Tidey, UNICEF New York, +1 917 340 3017, ctidey@unicef.org

Tackling cholera in Chad

In Chad, people remember of 2011 as the year when Cholera has resurged affecting more than 7000 people across the country, most of whom were the poorest and most vulnerable. At that time, the epidemic had reached emergency levels and the government had implemented a task force on disasters and crisis to manage it with the support of DFID. But core to solving the crisis in the long term is educating people about safe sanitation practices.

Dr. Elie Fokzia, Regional Health Supervisor at the hospital in Tandjile, explained that it’s a problem caused by a lack of hygiene. “People here need to have access to clean areas and potable water, and latrines,” he stressed. “The contamination is very quick – even flies can carry the bacteria that causes cholera.”

Disease of “dirty hands”

In Chad, cholera is called the disease of dirty hands. In Chad, only 1 in 2 people have access to safe drinking water, and only 1 in 5 (20%) per cent have access to improved sanitation.

“Cholera is real,” said Amon Boubakary, a community volunteer for the NGO Initiative for Development, Research and Social Health Integration (IDRISS). “We must remain vigilant. Cholera is on our doorstep, so we are carrying out multiple preventive actions,” he explained.

« The strategies we use for the prevention of cholera in this county are mass awareness campaigns, educational discussions and treatment with bleach and chlorine of wells and water points. We train, support and follow the community volunteers in the neighbourhood of Walia and Ngueli, » explains Abel Chembe, IDRISS Coordinator.

Partnering for success

UNICEF is working to support communities where the cases have occurred, and is also providing supplies, such as soap, water disinfection tablets, and hygiene kits to help prevent the disease from spreading further. As part of the efforts, information kits have been also produced and disseminated to help communities to apply best hygiene practices such as washing hands with soap before dealing with food and after using latrines.

Since the resurgence of cholera in the neighboring countries, UNICEF, with financial support of DFID – UK Department for International Development, has collaborated with its partners, to carry out awareness and prevention campaigns in all the border towns of the country. Cholera is a contagious disease that spreads very quickly under low hygienic conditions.

Funded by DFID, this initiative is part of the project entitled “Strengthening Humanitarian Preparedness in High Risk Countries,” which allows UNICEF and WFP to significantly expand their preparedness efforts and thus improve their response capacities. Additionally, the project promotes better cohesion and coordination of partner efforts in emergency response, as well as involving local communities.

New boost for Basic Education in Chad

When the Taye school was first opened in 1929, a few straw huts were used as classrooms, but most of the classes were held on the ground under the large fig-tree which gives shade to this school of southern Chad.

The smiles on the face of Esther and Kaltouma leave no doubt about their complicity and friendship. Today, these two girls can study in new buildings constructed with sustainable materials. Kaltouma, 12, is a confident young girl. For her, the difference is clear: « Now we have new benches, latrines and even a water point to refresh ourselves. Since these new buildings, many girls have asked their parents to enroll in school. I made a lot of new friends this year. »

Esther, 12 also, describes her school before the renovation: « We studied under very difficult conditions in the past. We sat down under the trees, struck by the wind and the heat. The rainy season prevented us from finishing the school year normally.  »

“For the construction of these schools, we are trying to use environmentally friendly insulation materials that help keep the interior temperatures low. This is of paramount importance in a country like Chad, where the temperature can reach 50 ° C and where cutting wood has a devastating effect on the environment, » says Mario Bacigalupo, UNICEF Construction Specialist.

Esther and Kaltouma, Taye school, Moundou

The classroom of Esther and Kaltouma is bright and spacious with large open windows. The lesson of the day has just been given on the big blackboard. It focuses on avoiding malaria. « The teacher has explained what malaria is and how to protect ourselves against this disease, » comments Esther.

Sitting on their new table-benches, Esther and Kaltouma are carefully taking notes and seem very motivated by this practical course given by Mr Beradingaogoto, the teacher at the Tayé school: « Nearly half of these pupils are girls. The new classrooms but also the latrines and water point really motivated the parents to enroll their daughters, « he says, proud to participate in this new boost for the education of Chad’s children.

For the two friends Kaltouma and Esther, studying under better conditions encourages them to stay as long as possible in school and allows them to aspire to a bright future. Both dream of being able to sustain themselves, help their families and contribute to the development of their communities.

« The Project to Revitalize Basic Education in Chad (PREBAT) has made it possible to enroll thousands of children in the school, to improve the quality of education through the training of community teachers and their textbooks. In addition, more than one million students in the preparatory courses of the 11 priority regions have benefited from school kits, « recalls Mr. Barragne-Bigot, UNICEF Representative in Chad during his speech on the occasion of the inauguration of the school.

Previously, the school depended mainly on the contribution of the community. Today, its renovation was part of the Project to Revitalize Basic Education in Chad (PREBAT) funded by the Global Education Partnership (GPE) and the Educating a Child Foundation (EAC).

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