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Guided by the Core Commitment for Children, UNICEF Chad strives for the realization of child rights in Chad. Women and children under 18 years old, who represent 57% of the total population of 11 million, have been particularly affected by the political instability and structural socioeconomic weaknesses that Chad has suffered since its independence. In addition, Chad has taken in refugees from Sudan and the Central African Republic, and hosts numerous internally displaced people. The country is also vulnerable to extreme weather events (partly because of climate change), particularly droughts and floods, which already represent a threat to the survival of the most vulnerable and marginalized children and women. Nevertheless, Chad is currently forging a new political stability both within and beyond its borders. This new context allows the government and its partners to launch the early recovery process and to plan longer-term investments in development. Moreover, increased government revenues, fed by oil revenue, are offering the opportunity to allocate additional resources to the country’s social sectors. To contribute to the realization of child rights in this complex context, UNICEF Chad concentrates its efforts on the following focus areas: - Child Survival and Development - Basic Education and Gender Equality - Child Protection - Strategic Communication: External Relations & Communication for Development (C4D) - Social Policy, Planning, Monitoring and Evaluation - Humanitarian Action and Emergency Response

For Every Child in need, relief

40 000 children have received treatment for malnutrition in the Sahel belt of Chad thanks to UNICEF UK support

« I did not know what to do when Amir got sick. A neighbour gave me a traditional medicine made of ash and roots, but I called my husband and he told me to go to the health centre directly. I was right to trust the doctors, he’s much better now.” Salma Safia, Amir’s mother, is 17 and lives in the remote village of Andour, in the Sahel Belt of Chad.

“His father left a few months ago. They say there is gold up north so he went there and is working in mines. Since then, life has become difficult for us. When Amir got sick we went to the health centre nearby and they took us straightaway to the hospital with an ambulance. He could not sit, eat or sleep when we arrived here. It’s been only two days, but he’s feeling much better already,  » she says, smiling.

Thanks to the support of the United Kingdom UNICEF National Committee, UNICEF has provided life-saving assistance to affected children and strengthened the capacity of health facilities to deliver quality nutrition services. The provision of Ready to Use Therapeutic Food has also contributed to reduce malnutrition-related mortality and morbidity in children under five years of age.

Refugees in the East have also been reached

For Every Child in Hunger . 40 000 children treated for malnutrition in the Sahel belt of Chad thanks to UNICEF UK support

Zouha Issa, 7, and her sister Amina, 17 months, were born from Sudanese refugees parents living in the Mile Refugee camp in Eastern Chad where 382,500 refugees are still living in harsh conditions. Recently, Zouhas’s sister, Amina, was treated for Severe Acute Malnutrition with Medical complications. She’s now feeling better and Zouha can play with her sister again.

“When Amina got sick, the doctor of the health centre called an ambulance to take us to the hospital. It was the first time I was in a car. Unfortunately, the car got stuck in the water – it was the rainy season. It took us one day to get to the hospital,” Zouha explains.

“After a few days, she started feeling better. They gave her many medicines and milk. She took some weight and she stopped crying all the time. Now we’re back home, we have breakfast together and I can play with her again,” she concludes.

Thanks to the UK National Committee contribution of US$ 135,533.63 and additional resources mobilized, UNICEF Chad has been able to provide the much needed support to the Ministry of Health to scale up the management of severe acute malnutrition. Additionally, this support made it possible to purchase and distribution of over 1,900 cartons of Ready-to-use-therapeutic food which have helped to provide timely and quality treatment to children suffering from SAM.

Over 43,557 children have been treated in the target regions of Ouaddaï, Wadi Fira and Hadjer Lamis in 2016. Furthermore, 31 health professionals were trained on management of SAM while more than 50,000 mothers and caregivers benefited from the community mobilization and sensitization campaigns.

 

Simple solutions to save mothers and newborns lives

N’Djamena – 17 February 2017 Ablamti Fanta, 29, sells clothes in the central market of N’Djamena while her two older children, five and nine-year old are in school. Her youngest daughter, Adora Halali, six months, comes to the market with her mother every day.

Yet, on this sunny morning, they have changed the market by the health center to get vaccinated. ”An aunt told me to come here when I got pregnant and I came for consultations until I gave birth. The center is great, women are welcoming and they are taking time to advice mothers who are very young sometimes. They have new equipment and they really respect hygiene here,” she explains.

Roselyne Tallot is managing this urban health center at the outskirts of N’Djamena. ”The revitalization of the center was an excellent opportunity to renew our building, our equipment and materials. But more important, the new work environment has motivated my team and helps them to receive patients. For me, it is essential to be close to them.”

Simple solutions exist to improve access and quality of health services in Chad. Yet, too many mothers and children are still dying. UNICEF, thanks to the support of its partners, facilitates the access to quality health care and is strengthening the health system in Chad. Hundreds of health centers have been revitalized, equipped and their staff trained throughout the country. »

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“During antenatal care visits, I was afraid to be HIV positive and I thought the transmission of HIV/AIDS to the child was inevitable. Finally, the midwives convinced me to do the test and it was negative. Now, I understand how it works!” She says proudly, while adding that antenatal care visits have also helped her to understand how to take care of her children. “Some women do not believe vaccines work and neglect the health of their children. I know that if I respect the calendar of vaccinations, my child will be protected, “ she says with confidence.

In Chad, infant and maternal mortality rates remain among the highest in the world. According to the latest available statistics, maternal mortality rate is 861 deaths per 100,000 live births (MICS 2014). Only one in three women are giving birth assisted by qualified healthcare personnel. Infant mortality is just as worrying, one in seven children do not reach their fifth birthday.

Roselyne Tallot is proud of the results they are achieving at the center.  “Every month, we assist one hundred and fifty births, more than seven hundred antenatal consultations and two hundred HIV/AIDS tests. The situation is harsh but my staff is fearless and together we are facing the daily challenges.”

Their efforts are worth it and mothers are satisfied with the services provided. “I had difficulties giving birth because she came with the feet first, but the nurses reacted quickly. They called the ambulance to pick me up and I was transferred to the Mother and Child Hospital. Finally, everything went well and my daughter is super healthy,” concludes Ablamti, joyful.

Thanks to the generous contributions of its donors, UNICEF and partners are focused on delivering continued programming interventions while building capacity at the local level to reach the most vulnerable populations in need of health services. The goal is to leave no child behind and achieve universal access to quality health services for every child.

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In Chad, water means hope

Water is the source of life for all humans and the source of hope for millions of children in Chad. Yet, in this Sahel country, only half of the population has access to safe drinking water.

Marthe lives in Ramadja, in the Logone Oriental region. This mother of 3 children, lives in of the country’s districts with the lowest access to water and sanitation services. Change is possible. In 2016, UNICEF has supported various programmes to provide safe drinking water, sanitation facilities and promote hygiene for the survival, growth and development of young children.

“Before the construction of water points, we used to walk for three hours to get water from the pastoral well. And we had to wait for hours, the time the farmers end up watering their herd. The quality of this water was not really good and my children got frequently sick and faced frequent diarrhea,” Marthe said. “With those new water points which are close to our home, many of our problems were solved. Girls can go to school on time and women have more time to care for their children,” she added.

Amina is Marthe’s neighbor. The new water point in the village has changed the life of the 16-year-old girl “ I used to compare the water of the traditional well with the recently installed pump. The difference is striking,” she said smiling. “Since we have been drinking the new water, none of my us has been sick at home. It’s a great change in our daily lives,“ she adds.

Chad has one of the lowest rates of access to safe drinking water and sanitation services in the world. While access to safe water and sanitation is improving in urban areas, children in rural areas are almost always at risk from these water and sanitation-related diseases. According to the latest studies, close to 16,000 children under 5 die each year of diarrhea, and these deaths are largely caused by contaminated water, lack of access to proper sanitation and poor hygiene practices.

In 2016, UNICEF and its partners developed various projects in most prior regions to reduce the prevalence of diarrheal diseases by improving access to safe drinking water and improved sanitation, together with awareness raising on hygiene. Water points have already been constructed across the country and the Community-led Total sanitation (CLTS) piloted in hundreds of villages.

Thanks to the generous contributions of its donors, UNICEF and partners focused on delivering continued programming interventions while building capacity at the local level to reach the most vulnerable population in need of WASH (Water, Sanitation and Hygiene) services. We will continue our work in 2017 and beyond, reaching the most vulnerable children making progress towards achieving universal access to water for every child.