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Guided by the Core Commitment for Children, UNICEF Chad strives for the realization of child rights in Chad. Women and children under 18 years old, who represent 57% of the total population of 11 million, have been particularly affected by the political instability and structural socioeconomic weaknesses that Chad has suffered since its independence. In addition, Chad has taken in refugees from Sudan and the Central African Republic, and hosts numerous internally displaced people. The country is also vulnerable to extreme weather events (partly because of climate change), particularly droughts and floods, which already represent a threat to the survival of the most vulnerable and marginalized children and women. Nevertheless, Chad is currently forging a new political stability both within and beyond its borders. This new context allows the government and its partners to launch the early recovery process and to plan longer-term investments in development. Moreover, increased government revenues, fed by oil revenue, are offering the opportunity to allocate additional resources to the country’s social sectors. To contribute to the realization of child rights in this complex context, UNICEF Chad concentrates its efforts on the following focus areas: - Child Survival and Development - Basic Education and Gender Equality - Child Protection - Strategic Communication: External Relations & Communication for Development (C4D) - Social Policy, Planning, Monitoring and Evaluation - Humanitarian Action and Emergency Response

Schools: a safe haven for children

The massive displacement of islands’ populations of Lake Chad to the land areas as a result of Boko Haram-related violence has uprooted 1.3 million of children and placed them at high-risk of separation, abuse, exploitation and recruitment by armed groups. In the Lake Chad region, children who have fled and seek refuge in Chad are now given an opportunity to access education.

In this context, access to a safe school and learning environment often represents a rare opportunity of normalcy and future in the life of these children. A multi-country project in Lake Chad gives both teachers and students the tools to play a central role in securing and protecting that precious environment.

Dolgue Noel.Kousseri School
©UNICEF/2017/Azoura

Mr. Ngarnayal Ami, director of the Bagasola School, realized how vulnerable was his school. “We had no idea of the risks, even us adults. Without being aware, we were in constant danger”. While potential risks have not entirely disappeared, he confesses he feels more at ease, now that students have been trained. “They know how to distinguish between bad and good. They can identify a potential danger and, above all, they will know what to do to avoid it by taking shelter”.

The “Children of Peace” project in the Lake Chad Region, has trained teachers and children in psychosocial support, conflict and disaster risks management strengthening the school’s safety environment by better assessing vulnerabilities and establishing related mitigation measures. Both teachers and children were trained on and accompanied in conducting a vulnerability mapping and the development of preparedness plans. An exercise that have not only helped in raising their awareness on the risks they could face, but even more importantly, increased their capacity and power to identify hazards and school vulnerabilities in and around school and respond safely if facing those risks.

I will be ready to take the right actions if an incident occurs” tells Adam Mbodou, a 14-year-old in Matafo primary school, near Bol and under the “Children of Peace” project. “I learned how to help my teacher evacuate the students and how to protect them from harm’s way. I also know where to seek refuge after an evacuation.”

From reinforcing physical security measures, such as creating a second door as an emergency exit, to the awareness and knowledge of children and teachers alike on adopting the right measures in case of emergencies, the training has also provided basic tools for teachers in supporting recovery of children often affected by the hardship of their everyday life.

This was notably the case for Ms. Aheppa Zenaba, teacher of Grade 4 at the SODELAC school of Bol, who recognized the importance of the training in developing her ability to counsel children. « This little girl was traumatized when she arrived here” she remembers, telling us of the example of one of her school girls whose parents were killed by Boko Haram. “Thanks to the training, I was able to provide her with the support and advice she needed”.

More than 570 teachers have been trained so far on psychosocial support, conflict and disaster risks management, preparing in turn more than 34,000 school children, and bringing a change already recognized by all.

« The training brought a big change for the school, the students and even for the whole community » as summarized by Dolgue Noel, Director of the Kousseri school. « We are more reassured as mothers, to see that our children feel at peace » adds Falmata Mahamat, the president of the educating mother association of the school, who along with 20 others mothers are now playing an active role in supporting the school by educating other parents as well as teaching children about precautionary measures in case of danger.

With the “Children of Peace” project, there has been a before and after, not only for teachers and children in the confine of the school, but far beyond, in the community. Children, teachers, parents, community members must Know, Do, Plan, Prepare in case of danger or potential risk within their school, enabling therefore greater involvement of the community for the safety of their children.

IMG_0987
©UNICEF/2017/Azoura

The « Umbrella » exercise consists in identifying the risks and dangers that could occur in the school and making sure the school stays under the umbrella so that the raindrops (risks and danger) are retained by the umbrella. This technique permits to children to easily assimilate many tips on their safety.

 

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From November 2016 to November 2017, under ECHO-funded “Children of Peace” project, UNICEF piloted the development and implementation of school emergency response plans as well as the training so far of 579 teachers and 34,205 school boys and girls in psychosocial support (PSS) and conflict and disaster risk reduction (CDRR). 23,948 trained children took part in conducting a vulnerability mapping and developing a preparedness plans for CDRR. The initiative aimed at contributing to school’s resilience by supporting preparedness for mitigation of risks identified collaboratively by teachers, children, parents and children of peace focal points in the community. As part of a multi-country effort, the “Children of Peace” project has opened a door for boys and girls, in the Lake Chad Region, giving them access to a safe school and learning environment, thus expanding their opportunities for the future.

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UNICEF, OMS, FNUAP et ONUFEMMES unissent leurs efforts pour la réduction du taux de mortalité maternelle, néonatale et infantile au Tchad, un défi relevé grâce au Fonds Français Muskoka

N’Djaména, 22 Décembre 2017 – En partenariat avec le Ministère de la Santé Publique et l’Ambassade de France au Tchad, l’UNICEF, l’OMS, le FNUAP et l’ONUFEMMES ont organisé ce vendredi 22 Décembre, un nouveau rendez-vous des medias consacré à l’impact des interventions en santé sous Fonds Français Muskoka ; un fonds destiné au renforcement des systèmes de santé dans 11 pays de l’Afrique francophone, dont le Tchad.

Depuis 2012, la France a accordé 24.8 millions d’euros au Tchad pour lutter contre la mortalité maternelle, néonatale et infantile. Des fonds qui ont servi à l’UNICEF, l’OMS et le FNUAP pour appuyer le Ministère de la Sante Publique dans la mise en œuvre d’activités à haut impact en matière notamment de planification familiale, sante de la reproduction chez les adolescents mais également de santé maternelle, néonatale et infantile.

« Le taux de mortalité maternelle, néonatale et infantile au Tchad reste l’un des plus élevés en Afrique sub-saharienne et dans le monde et le financement du Fonds Français Muskoka est une opportunité pour contribuer à la réduction de celui-ci.», a souligné Dr. Jean Bosco HULUTE, Health Manager a.i. à l’UNICEF Tchad.

Selon le rapport mondial de « Interagency Group on Mortality Estimates (IGME) » 2017, le Tchad figure parmi les 10 premiers pays dans le monde en matière de réduction du taux de décès des enfants de moins de 5 ans. Toutefois, la proportion des décès parmi les nouveau-nés reste élevée, à 35/1000 naissances vivantes. Près de 87% de décès de nouveau-nés arrivent dans les 24 premières heures résultent ainsi des complications pendant l’accouchement.

« Le FFM œuvre sans relâche à relever ce défi à travers des solutions durables telles que le renforcement des capacités du personnel de santé qui grâce aux expertises nouvelles acquises, offre un meilleur service de santé pour les mères et enfants » reconnait Dr. Abatcha KADAI, Conseiller Chargé des Politiques et Système de Sante à l’OMS Tchad.

Le FFM a poursuit en 2017 la mise en œuvre des activités préventives, curatives et promotionnelles en faveur de la santé de la mère, du nouveau-né, de l’enfant, en se focalisant plus particulièrement sur la région du Kanem comme zone de convergence pour les interventions des 3 agences des Nations Unies.

« Le Fonds Français Muskoka rend possible  la mise en œuvre des interventions à haut impact, à savoir l’accès à des personnels de santé compétents, les SONU soins obstétricaux neonals d’urgence (SONU), la revue des décès maternels  qui permet de  sauver la vie des mères et des enfants et de ce fait améliorer les indicateurs de santé maternelle. », Dr. Olivier M. TARDA, Chargé de Programme – Santé Maternelle au FNUAP Tchad.

Selon les résultats de l’Enquête Démographique et de Santé et à Indicateurs Multiples (EDS-MICS) de 2014-2015, le taux de mortalité maternelle est passé de 1099 décès pour 100 000 naissances vivantes en 2004 à 860 décès pour 100 000 naissances vivantes en 2014, le taux de mortalité infantile est passé de 102 pour 1000 naissances vivantes en 2004 à 72 décès pour 1000 naissances vivantes en 2014.

Lancée en 2010 lors du sommet G8, l’initiative Muskoka est mise en œuvre à la fois via le canal bilatéral, géré par l’AFD, et le canal multilatéral, avec notamment le Fonds Français Muskoka mis en œuvre conjointement par l’UNICEF, l’OMS, l’UNFPA et ONUFEMMES dans 11 pays francophones dont le Tchad.

En savoir plus sur le Fonds Français Muskoka : http://ffmuskoka.org/

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Pour plus d’informations, veuillez contacter :

Achta Abderamane, Chef de la Communication a.i. UNICEF, Tel : +235 63 85 64 36, aabderamane@unicef.org

Tchouafene Matchoke, Chargé de Programme – Population et Développement, UNFPA, Tel: +235 66 27 56 75, matchoke@unfpa.org

Jonas Naissem, Chargé de l’Information et Promotion de la Santé, OMS, Tel. : +235 66 29 47 20, naissemj@who.int

Sarah Mokri, Attachée de Coopération, Ambassade de France au Tchad, +235 62 69 38 33, sarah.mokri@diplomatie.gouv.fr

Dr. Grace Dangothe Kodindo, Directrice de la Sante de Reproduction, Ministère de la Santee Publique, Tel: +235 66 29 50 74, gdkodindo@gmail.com

Présentation PowerPoint

Measles vaccination: reaching every child

With only 22% of children fully vaccinated before their first birthday, Chad has one of the lowest immunization coverage in the world. In a context marked by difficult access to health care and enduring beliefs preventing vaccination, the work of community leaders and mobilizers is key to changing behaviors and improving survival of children.

UNICEF Chad-2017-Belmir-3

Vaccination against measles is an injectable vaccine and its organization requires time, human resources, substantial material and funds. In addition, Chad is a vast country (1,284,000km2) with many logistical challenges. So for better quality and to maximize coverage of the campaign, Chad was divided into two blocks. In November 2016, the first block of the campaign was organized in 14 regions comprising 73 most-at-risk health districts. In March 2017, the second block of the campaign was organized in 30 health districts troughout 9 regions.

UNICEF Chad-2017-Belmir-1

“When planning for a mass vaccination campaign against Measles, we make sure that the message about the day and time of vaccination is disseminated through several channels: at the mosque, on markets…wherever women are, because we know that they will be the ones bringing their children to get vaccinated. We try to involve as many people as possible.” Mahmat Abali, Mani’s “Chef de carré” (chief of a section) of the village, comprised of several houses.

UNICEF Chad-2017-Belmir-6

“We organize educative talks every month in our community. So when a mass Measles vaccination campaign is planned, we make sure that it is part of those talks. In parallel to the actions of Imams, “chefs de carrés” (chief of a section in a village, comprised of several houses) and “crieurs”, us, community mobilizers, also go to each and every house to talk to mothers and count children.” Mathieu Guigabe, community mobilizers in Mani for the past 4 years.

UNICEF Chad-2017-Belmir-5

“The Guité Health Center is always full. Inhabitants of the village come here for their regular health-related problems such as infants having fever or tooth aches. But when a mass vaccination campaign is planned, it gets even busier here.” Mahamat Idriss, in charge of the Guité Health Center.

UNICEF Chad-2017-Belmir-2

“The Guité Health Center is always full. Inhabitants of the village come here for their regular health-related problems such as infants having fever or tooth aches. But when a mass vaccination campaign is planned, it gets even busier here.” Mahamat Idriss, in charge of the Guité Health Center.

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Measles has been one of the leading causes of death among young children in Chad. Since 2016 thanks to Gavi’s support, UNICEF has been able to organized two measles campaigns in Chad. Through the last 2 campaigns of November 2016 and March 2017, 3,044,638 children aged 9 to 59 months were vaccinated, helping improving collective immunity of children. Two measles campaigns have already been scheduled in January and February 2018.