Archives pour la catégorie EDUCATION

Including the excluded

Schools rising from the dust in the Lake Chad Region

Bagasola – December 20, 2016. “This is the first time I go to school. There was none in my island. I heard about it but I never imagined that I could attend one day.” Bakoye Adam is a 12 years old girl living in the Bagasola, Lake Chad region. In 2015, because of the Boko Haram related violence, she had the flee the little island where she was born and raised. “Since we left our home, we don’t have many things to do here. We don’t farm of fish like before. One day, the headmaster came to visit my parents. It was easy to convince us to enroll in the new school,” she said, smiling.

In Chad, too many children are still denied their right to education because of factors they do not control, such as poverty, gender or geographical location. Quality education has the power to end intergenerational cycles of inequity and provide children like Bakoye with the knowledge and skills they need to succeed in life.

“We are many children in class but we all got school books, bags and pens. Last week, they’ve finally opened the water point of the school. Before, we had to go back home running and look for water during recess, it was really tiring.

The Kousseri Public School of Bagasola got a fresh boost thanks to Project of Revitalization of Basic Education in Chad (PREBAT) supported by Educate A Child. Dolgue Noel, 40, is the head master of the school where Bakoye studies: « The construction of 8 new classrooms and the distribution of learning materials prompted parents to massively enroll children in school. There is still more boys than girls but we continue to raise awareness to get out of school children to enroll,” he said, confident.

Visite des élèves de l’école de la paix du site de déplacés de Kousseria, près de Bagasola, région du Lac, Tchad? 
L’éducation en situation d’urgences aide à donner aux enfants déplacés et locaux un sentiment de normalité et de l’espoi

“It’s true that I am a bit old to be in Grade 1. Some children in my class are only 6 but I’m not the only one. For most of us, it’s our first time in school and we help each other, no matter the age,” said Bakoye “ Some of my neighbors don’t go to school. They think it’s too late for them. I told them that we should not miss the opportunity to learn,” she concludes before entering class again.

90% of Children displaced in the Lake Chad region have never accessed education before attending school in this conflict-affected zone. This influx of population has created additional pressure on basic social infrastructure, including schools.

In this challenging context, education is the most powerful equalizer of opportunity. It helps children realize their potential and contribute to their communities and mitigate risks. For conflict-affected children, school plays a crucial role in developing the skills that allow children to flourish later in life.

Started in 2013, the GPE-EAC co-funded project has gradually enhanced the intake capacity of 290 primary schools, through the construction and equipment of 1,324 classrooms making it possible for some 80,000 primary school children to study in an improved physical learning environment.

Visite des élèves de l’école de la paix du site de déplacés de Kousseria, près de Bagasola, région du Lac, Tchad? 
L’éducation en situation d’urgences aide à donner aux enfants déplacés et locaux un sentiment de normalité et de l’espoi

 

 

Merveille : « Jouons ensemble. Il ne faut plus se battre »

Par Cindy Cao

Feiganazoui Merveille, jeune fille centrafricaine, a fui l’horreur de la guerre. Arrivée en tant qu’enfant non-accompagnée au Tchad, elle vit aujourd’hui aux côtés d’autres réfugiés et retournés tchadiens. Rencontre.

Alors que d’autres jeunes filles de 14 ans apprennent, s’amusent, grandissent et s’épanouissent, Merveille, elle a connu un destin différent. A 14 ans, elle a vu ses parents mourir sous les balles en République Centrafricaine (RCA).

« Il était 3 heures du matin quand les attaques ont commencé et j’ai couru vers l’Ecole de la Liberté. Vers 15h, il y a eu de nouvelles attaques et mes parents sont morts. Ils fuyaient ensemble et on leur a tiré dessus. Je les ai vus. Ils étaient derrière moi, » continue Merveille d’un ton placide. « Puis, j’ai vu un véhicule du Gouvernement tchadien et je n’ai pas réfléchi. J’ai sauté dedans. Mes frères et mes sœurs sont restés à Bossangoa. Depuis, je n’ai aucune nouvelle de ma famille.»

Le récent conflit en RCA a affecté le Tchad plus que les autres pays limitrophes car il a non seulement entrainé un afflux important de réfugiés, mais aussi et surtout, une arrivée massive de Tchadiens installés en Centrafrique depuis des générations. Cet afflux de populations a créé une pression additionnelle importante sur les infrastructures sociales de base et les communautés elles-mêmes extrêmement vulnérables.

Grâce au soutien de l’Union Européenne, via l’Instrument de Stabilité et de Consolidation de la Paix, cinq agences des Nations Unies (UNICEF, FAO, UNHCR, IOM, PAM) interviennent dans plusieurs domaines pour améliorer les conditions de vie des réfugiés, retournés et des communautés hôtes dans les zones d’accueil du sud du Tchad.

Enseigner la paix

« Je vis seule dans un abri sur le site, » continue la jeune fille. « Je suis contente parce que le site est sécurisé. Je veux rester ici jusqu’à ce qu’il y ait la paix en Centrafrique. » Ici, Merveille a accès à des services de santé. « Il y a un mois, je suis tombée malade. Je suis allée au centre de santé. J’ai eu droit à une consultation et reçu des médicaments. » 

La jeune fille envisage un avenir en paix auquel elle contribuera. Pour y arriver, elle mise sur l’éducation. « Je vais à l’école sur le site et je suis en CM2. Plus tard, j’aimerais devenir enseignante pour pouvoir donner conseil aux enfants et promouvoir la paix. J’organiserai des matchs de football avec les enfants pour promouvoir l’esprit d’équipe. Nous sommes tous frères et sœurs, il ne faut plus se battre. Il faut jouer ensemble. »

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Merveille : « We must not fight. Let’s play together »

By Cindy Cao

Feiganazoui Merveille is a young girl from the Central African Republic (CAR) who fled the horror of war. She arrived as an unaccompanied child and now lives alongside other refugees and Chadian returnees.

While other 14-years-old girls learn, plan and grow, Merveille had a different fate. She was only 14 when she saw her parents shot dead.

« It was 3am when the attacks started and I ran to school. At around 3pm, there were further attacks and my parents died. They were fleeing when they were shot. I saw them. They were behind me, » says Merveille with a placid tone. « Then I saw a truck from the Chadian Government. I didn’t have any time to think about it, I just jumped into it. My brothers and sisters stayed in Bossangoa. Since then I don’t have any news from my family. »

The recent conflict in CAR has affected Chad more than any other neighboring country. It was the main recipient of an influx of refugees and Chadians returnees who were living in CAR for generations. This displacement placed significant pressure on basic social services as well as the highly vulnerable host communities.

With support from the European Union and through the Instrument for Stability and Peace Building, five UN agencies (UNICEF, FAO, UNHCR, IOM, WFP) are involved in several regions to improve the living conditions of refugees, returnees and host communities in southern Chad.

Teaching for peace

« I live alone in a tent on a site, » says Merveille. « I’m happy because this site is safe. I want to stay here until there will be peace in CAR. » Here, Merveille has access to health services. « A month ago, I was sick and I went to the health center. I got a consultation and received medication. « 

The girl is looking forward to a peaceful future. Education will play a central role in any progress. « I go to school on the site and I’m CM2. Later, I hope to become a teacher to be able to give advice to children and promote peace. I will organize football games with children to promote team spirit. We are all brothers and sisters, you must not fight. You have to play together. »

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