Archives pour la catégorie WASH

Un nouveau flux qui apporte de l’espoir

Grace au soutien d’US Fund, l’UNICEF a construit 3 pompes d’eau pour une population de 4000 personnes

Par Diguera Azoura

« J’ai prénommé ma fille Radiyé qui signifie ‘j’accepte’ en langue arabe,  car j’ai accouché aisément seulement quelques heures après avoir bu la première eau qui sortait de la pompe. A travers ce prénom donné à ma fille je veux illustrer mon enthousiasme à commencer une autre vie  avec la nouvelle pompe à eau,» lance fièrement Khadidja qui tend ses bras pour faire sortir sa nouveau-née de son couffin.

Khadidja's removing her baby (Radiye) out of her cradle
UnicefChad/Azoura/2017

Du haut de ses 31 ans, cette jeune maman, à l’allure très mature due aux différentes péripéties de sa vie, nous confie être une femme comblée depuis quelques jours. Nous remettant sa fille,  un beau bébé de 13 jours, elle continue ses récits sur le passé qui était sa vie avant l’implantation de la nouvelle pompe, située à quelques 300m de chez elle.

« Avant, j’étais obligée de faire au moins 5km pour aller puiser de l’eau dans le Ouadi[1] le plus proche, et cela même étant presqu’à terme. Cela me prenait plus de 2h pour faire l’aller-retour ». Chose qui n’est pas sans peine pour cette maman de 7 enfants âgés de 2 à 16 ans, qui devait alors enfermer les plus petits avant de quitter pour sa corvée quotidienne. « Ça me fendait le cœur à chaque fois que je les enfermais seuls dans la maison, mais je n’avais pas le choix et je le faisais à contrecœur, elle explique un peu contrariée.

Khadidja fetching water from a jar at her house
UnicefChad/Azoura/2017

Khadidja vit depuis 6 ans à Haya Zouhour, une périphérie de la ville de Guéreda qui vient de bénéficier d’un financement d’UNICEF pour un château d’eau potable. Depuis son arrivée dans cette localité, sa vie n’a pas été des plus aisées nous confie-t-elle. « Au tout début, je me permutais avec mes deux enfants (âgés de 10 et 12 ans) pour puiser de l’eau dans les Ouadis ». Mais depuis presque quatre ans, Khadidja supporte à elle seule cette lourde charge journalière qui s’ajoute à d’autres corvées ménagères, car elle a décidé de laisser ses enfants en âge d’aller à l’école, étudier.

En effet, les trois enfants de Khadidja dont l’ainé, Hamid, qui a 16 ans nous expliquent comment ils devaient faire le voyage entre leur village (Haya Zouhour) et leur école, localisée à plus de 6km dans la ville de Guéreda. Il lance ensuite avec une mine saumâtre « Sinon avant, on partait puiser de l’eau dans le Ouadi avec ma sœur Hawa (14ans), et on faisait 1h à l’aller comme au retour, sans compter au moins 2h passées sur place à être dans les rangs pour pouvoir puiser seulement 60 litres parfois ».

Khadidja Adam and her baby Radiye
UnicefChad/Azoura/2017

Depuis presque deux semaines, toutes ces difficultés sont devenues juste des mauvais souvenirs pour la famille de Khadidja mais aussi pour la plupart des familles du village Haya Zouhour. C’est le cas de Koubra, la voisine de Khadidja qui nous dit comment elle avait perdu un enfant suite à la consommation de l’eau des Ouadis. Après un long soupir, la tête baissée – camouflant surement des larmes -, elle ajoute « on ne savait pas que l’eau des Ouadis contenait des bactéries et ce, malgré son mauvais gout argileux et sa couleur sombre. J’ai compris cela quand j’ai vu ma fille de 11mois mourir dans mes bras suite à des diarrhées aigues».

Comme pour la soutenir, Khadidja passe sa main dans la paume droite de sa voisine Koubra et lui dit: « Une goutte d’eau suffit pour créer un monde dit-on, et le nôtre vient d’être récréée grâce à cette nouvelle pompe d’eau potable».

Beneficiaries leaving the water pump station N'2_ and water tower at their back
UnicefChad/Azoura/2017

Au Tchad, près de 60%[2] de la population n’a pas accès à l’eau potable dans les zones rurales ; avec plus de 38% de la population rurale qui risque de maladies dues à la consommation d’eau non potable. Le château et sa pompe immergée hybride (thermique et solaire) installée par UNICEF il y’a 1 mois à Haya Zouhour, desservira près de 530 ménages composés d’environ 8 personnes dans un rayon de 5km, permettant ainsi d’éviter à près de 4000 personnes les maladies hydriques. Cette installation permettra aussi à plus 300 enfants d’âge scolaire de continuer leur scolarité sans avoir à les mitiger à cause de l’eau à puiser.

[1] Lit asséché d’un cours d’eau désertique.
[2] EDS-MICS2014-2015

 

 

Publicités

A New Stream of Hope

With the support of the US Fund, UNICEF has built 3 water pumps for a population of 4,000 people

By Diguera Azoura

« I named my daughter Radiyé, which means ‘I accept’ in Arabic, because I delivered the baby easily only a few hours after having drunk the stream of water coming out of the new pump. With this first name given to my daughter, I want to illustrate my enthusiasm and gratitude as we will be able to start another life thanks to the water pump”, proudly says Khadidja who stretches out her arms to get her newborn out of baby’s cradle.

Khadidja's removing her baby (Radiye) out of her cradle
UnicefChad/Azoura/2017

At 31, and although she might look older, perhaps because of the vicissitudes of her life, Khadidja recognizes to be filled with joy, especially since she has gained easy access to water – as the new water pump is only 300 meters far from her house. Giving us her daughter, a beautiful 13-day-old baby, she continues to tell me stories from the past, when she had to walk long distances to get water, the elixir of life.

« Before, I was obliged to walk at least 5km to get water from the nearest Wadi[1], and that even when I was pregnant and about to deliver. It could take me by then more than 2 hours for the round trip”. Something that is not easy for this mother of 7 children aged 2 to 16 years, which would then lock the smallest ones at home before leaving for her daily chores. « It would break my heart every time I locked them up in the house alone, but I had no choice, » she explains, a little saddened.

Khadidja fetching water from a jar at her house
UnicefChad/Azoura/2017

Khadidja has lived for 6 years in Haya Zouhour, a village in the periphery of Guéreda, which has received UNICEF funding for a drinking water tower. Since her arrival in this locality, things have not been easy for her life, she told us. « At the beginning, I swap with my two children (aged 10 and 12) to fetch water from the Wadis. But for almost four years, Khadija is bearing alone the heavy daily load in addition to other household chores, as she has decided to let her school-age children continue their studies.

Indeed, Khadidja’s eldest son, who is 16 years old now, still remembers the journeys to fletch water to a water pump located 6 KM far from his village. « Back then, we would go to fetch water in the Wadi with my sister Hawa (14 years), and  spend 1h to go and 1h to come back, without taking into account the fact that we had to queue at least 2h to be able to get only 60 liters sometimes ».

Khadidja Adam and her baby Radiye
UnicefChad/Azoura/2017

For almost two weeks now, all these difficulties have become just bad memories for Khadidja’s family but also for most of the families in Haya Zouhour. This is the case of Koubra, Khadidja’s neighbor, whose child died from a water-related disease. After a long sigh, her head lowered – probably hiding tears – she adds: « We did not know that the water of Wadis was contaminated and contained bacteria, and this despite its bad clay taste and its dark color. I only understood this when I saw my 11-month daughter dead in my arms following acute diarrhea.”

Trying to be supportive, Khadidja passes her hand over Koubra’s right palm and says: « A drop of water is enough to create a world they say, and ours has just been recreated thanks to this new water pump ».

Beneficiaries leaving the water pump station N'2_ and water tower at their back
UnicefChad/Azoura/2017

In Chad, almost 60%[2] of the population does not have access to safe drinking water in rural areas; with more than 38% of the rural population at risk of diseases due to unsafe water. The water tower and its hybrid (thermal and solar) immersed pump installed by UNICEF in Haya Zouhour will serve nearly 530 households –of 8 people each, within a radius of 5km, thus preventing close to 4,000 people from falling sick due to waterborne diseases. This facility will also enable over 300 school-aged children to focus on their education as they won’t have to cover long distances anymore to fetch water.

[1] Dry bed of a desert river

[2] EDS MICS 2014-2015

Ex-Boko Haram abductees bringing clean water to their communities

In the Lake Chad region, 1 in 3 people do not have access to safe drinking water. The crisis in the Lake Chad region has caused a massive displacement, with 1.3 million uprooted children who face a complex humanitarian situation.  

A new CERF-sponsored project aimed at responding to sanitation needs in communities has brought hope for some of the youth touched by violence while tackling protection and economic empowerment in an innovative way. 100 young people are now learning how to build 1,500 bio-sand filters that will benefit 11,000 community members. The group is also learning how to fix water points, make soap and build latrines in order to improve the Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) indicators in this region.

UNICEF Chad/2017/Bahaji

Among the trainees, there are four children abducted by Boko Haram who managed to escape. They are now starting a new life, like Amin Sani*, 17. “Overnight, my brother in law disappeared, joined Boko Haram and started harassing me. He was calling me on the phone all the time ordering me to join Boko Haram and threatening me. He told me that I would make money, that my mother was a sinner, and that I should join him in the fight, “remembers Amin.

“I was afraid that they would come to grab me. I took my stuff and left to my uncle’s place in Niger. On the way, I found some Boko Haram fighters. They detained me in an unknown forest and threatened me. From the first day, I was thinking of how I could escape. It took me 18 months, but I made it safe to the Chadian border,” he remembers.

UNICEF took care of Amin once released by the authorities. Like other 500 children who managed to escape from Boko Haram, he was taken to a transition center before being reunited with his family after a period of transition.

“During my time at the transition centre, I did a training in water pumps repair. When the water point in my village was broken, I helped the technician to fix it and made some money. Now I am learning how to make water filters and I am very proud to install these filters in the communities,” explains proudly Amin. “I have been sick because of dirty water so many times. If people drink clean water it will help a lot. I would like to work in the water sector, fixing water pumps, and build filters myself, even better ones,” he concludes smiling.

UNICEF Chad/2017/Bahaji

With the improvement of the security situation in some of the islands of the Lake Chad, displaced populations are starting to come back. The quality of the water in these islands is very low and over 80% of the population practice open defecation. Water-borne diseases are widespread, putting these areas at high risk of cholera epidemics.

On one hand, this training will help Amin and other trainees to hope for a brighter future. On the other hand, bio-sand filters will help cutting the number of diarrhea cases in half by eliminating 90% of the microbes. In Chad, diarrhea is one of the leading cause of death among children.

Providing clean water is therefore critical in reducing child mortality. The new CERF-sponsored project aims to respond to the immediate needs of the population in terms of access to clean water and promotion of good hygiene practices.

It also integrates protection through WASH activities by providing opportunities to youth abducted by Boko Haram with skills development in order to support them with income generation revenue activities. The main objective is to develop confidence and self-esteem among these young people affected by the Boko Haram conflict and support WASH sector locally.

*Name was changed