Archives pour la catégorie WASH

Ex-Boko Haram abductees bringing clean water to their communities

In the Lake Chad region, 1 in 3 people do not have access to safe drinking water. The crisis in the Lake Chad region has caused a massive displacement, with 1.3 million uprooted children who face a complex humanitarian situation.  

A new CERF-sponsored project aimed at responding to sanitation needs in communities has brought hope for some of the youth touched by violence while tackling protection and economic empowerment in an innovative way. 100 young people are now learning how to build 1,500 bio-sand filters that will benefit 11,000 community members. The group is also learning how to fix water points, make soap and build latrines in order to improve the Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) indicators in this region.

UNICEF Chad/2017/Bahaji

Among the trainees, there are four children abducted by Boko Haram who managed to escape. They are now starting a new life, like Amin Sani*, 17. “Overnight, my brother in law disappeared, joined Boko Haram and started harassing me. He was calling me on the phone all the time ordering me to join Boko Haram and threatening me. He told me that I would make money, that my mother was a sinner, and that I should join him in the fight, “remembers Amin.

“I was afraid that they would come to grab me. I took my stuff and left to my uncle’s place in Niger. On the way, I found some Boko Haram fighters. They detained me in an unknown forest and threatened me. From the first day, I was thinking of how I could escape. It took me 18 months, but I made it safe to the Chadian border,” he remembers.

UNICEF took care of Amin once released by the authorities. Like other 500 children who managed to escape from Boko Haram, he was taken to a transition center before being reunited with his family after a period of transition.

“During my time at the transition centre, I did a training in water pumps repair. When the water point in my village was broken, I helped the technician to fix it and made some money. Now I am learning how to make water filters and I am very proud to install these filters in the communities,” explains proudly Amin. “I have been sick because of dirty water so many times. If people drink clean water it will help a lot. I would like to work in the water sector, fixing water pumps, and build filters myself, even better ones,” he concludes smiling.

UNICEF Chad/2017/Bahaji

With the improvement of the security situation in some of the islands of the Lake Chad, displaced populations are starting to come back. The quality of the water in these islands is very low and over 80% of the population practice open defecation. Water-borne diseases are widespread, putting these areas at high risk of cholera epidemics.

On one hand, this training will help Amin and other trainees to hope for a brighter future. On the other hand, bio-sand filters will help cutting the number of diarrhea cases in half by eliminating 90% of the microbes. In Chad, diarrhea is one of the leading cause of death among children.

Providing clean water is therefore critical in reducing child mortality. The new CERF-sponsored project aims to respond to the immediate needs of the population in terms of access to clean water and promotion of good hygiene practices.

It also integrates protection through WASH activities by providing opportunities to youth abducted by Boko Haram with skills development in order to support them with income generation revenue activities. The main objective is to develop confidence and self-esteem among these young people affected by the Boko Haram conflict and support WASH sector locally.

*Name was changed


Thirsting for a future

Improving access to safe drinking water through a mobile phone is now possible in Chad

Tresorier General ACGPE Ndjam Bilala Al-hadji Ismail.JPG

By Rodolphe Houlsonron

Water is life, it is said. This is especially true, for the rural communities of Yao in the Batha region. Nearly 115,000 people, mostly women and children suffering from a cruel lack of safe drinking water, have just benefited from 139 water points and sanitation thanks to the support of the Swiss Cooperation in Chad. In the rural communities of Yao in central-eastern Chad, women no longer have to travel tens of kilometers every day to collect water.

Saleh Sossal Attahir, 38, is a member of the water point management committee « AL-HAYA » (life) in Ambassatna. « In the water sector, several projects have been implemented in the Batha region where more than half of the population drinks poor quality water. In the past, we had a lot of trouble repairing the pumps. Some water points were abandoned for months because the committees did not manage well the money that had to be used for repairs. »

Our committee joined the Ambassatna Association, which manages 31 water points management committees. They collect the revenues from water sales which are paid on the TIGO-CASH account of the association.

Solde tigo cash Ambassatna.JPG

« Thanks to mobile payment with TIGO-CASH, the funds are managed with transparency. For the month of April alone, we were able to have 3 pumps repaired thanks to the mobile phone funds transfer, » adds Saleh Sossal Attahir.

Each committee contributed to our TIGO-CASH account and the funds collected were allocated for various expenses such as remuneration of the person in charge of the water distribution, travel expenses, administrative expenses, small and large failures, or the purchase of new pumps.

Thanks to the funding of the Swiss Cooperation in partnership with UNICEF, more than 140 mechanized boreholes equipped with hand pump have been built in the Yao health district.

UNICEF CHAD -2016-Esteve.jpg

Today in Chad more than 140 water points management committees are involved in the mobile phone payment system, which improves the accountability of the management committees and ensures the continuity of water supply to the most vulnerable populations. To address climate change, it is essential to appeal to innovations, including mobile technologies to support communities to better manage their resources.


UNICEF is actively working with ADRA, a national NGO for the construction of water points, latrines, and the promotion of good hygiene practices. In addition, the Water and Sanitation for Africa (WSA) is in charge of the capacity building of the water points management committees. Ten artisans’ repairers were also trained to carry out maintenance work in the event of a breakdown or failure.

Soif d’avenir 

Au Tchad, améliorer l’accès à l’eau potable grâce à un téléphone mobile est maintenant possible

Tresorier General ACGPE Ndjam Bilala Al-hadji Ismail.JPG

Par Rodolphe Houlsonron

L’eau, c’est la vie dit-on. Cela est d’autant plus vrai, pour les communautés rurales de Yao dans le Batha. Près de 115.000 personnes, en majorité des femmes et des enfants souffrant d’un manque cruel d’eau potable, viennent de bénéficier de 139 points d’eau et d’assainissement grâce au financement de la Coopération Suisse au Tchad. Dans les communautés rurales de Yao au centre-Est du Tchad, les femmes n’ont plus besoin de parcourir quotidiennement des dizaines de kilomètres pour aller chercher de l’eau.

Saleh Sossal Attahir, âgé de 38 ans, fait partie du Comité de Gestion du Point d’Eau (CGPE) « AL-HAYA » (la vie) à Ambassatna. « Plusieurs projets dans le secteur de l’eau ont été mis en œuvre dans le Batha où plus de la moitié de la population boit de l’eau de mauvaise qualité. Par le passé, nous avions beaucoup de problème pour réparer les pompes en pannes. Certains points d’eau restaient abandonnés pendant des mois parce que les comités géraient mal l’argent qui devaient servir aux réparations. Notre comité à adhérer à l’Association de Ambassatna, qui gère 31 Comités de Gestion de Point d’eau CGPE et collecte les recettes de la vente de l’eau qui sont versées sur le compte Tigo Cash de l’association. »

Solde tigo cash Ambassatna.JPG

« Grâce au paiement par mobile avec TIGO-CASH, les fonds sont gérés avec transparence. Pour le mois d’avril seulement, nous avons pu faire réparer 3 pompes avec la collecte des fonds par transfert mobile, » ajoute Saleh Sossal Attahir.

Chaque comité a contribué à notre compte Tigo Cash et les fonds collectés ont été répartis pour les différentes dépenses comme la rémunération du fontainier, les frais de déplacement, les frais administratifs, les petites et grosses pannes, ou encore l’acquisition pour l’achat de nouvelles pompes.

Grâce au financement de la Coopération Suisse en partenariat avec l’UNICEF, plus de 140 forages mécanisés et équipés de pompes à motricité humaine ont été réalisées dans le district sanitaire de Yao.

UNICEF CHAD -2016-Esteve.jpg

Aujourd’hui au Tchad, plus de 140 Comités de Gestion des Points d’Eau sont concernés par le système de paiement mobile qui permet d’améliorer la redevabilité des comités de gestion et d’assurer la continuité de la provision d’eau aux populations les plus vulnérables. Face aux changements climatiques, il est indispensable de faire appel aux innovations, notamment aux technologies mobiles pour accompagner les communautés à mieux gérer leurs ressources.


L’UNICEF travaille activement avec ADRA, une ONG nationale pour la construction des points d’eau, des latrines, et la promotion des bonnes pratiques d’hygiène. Par ailleurs, l’Agence Panafricaine Eau et Assainissement pour l’Afrique (EAA) est en charge du renforcement de capacités des Comités de Gestion des Points d’Eau (CGPE). Dix Artisans Réparateurs ont également été formés pour assurer des travaux de maintenance des ouvrages en cas de panne ou de défaillance.